Myocardial creep-induced misalignment artifacts in PET/MR myocardial perfusion imaging.

Myocardial creep-induced misalignment artifacts in PET/MR myocardial perfusion imaging. von Felten E, Benetos G, Patriki D, Benz DC, Rampidis GP, Giannopoulos AA, Bakula A, Gräni C, Pazhenkottil AP, Gebhard C, Fuchs TA, Kaufmann PA, Buechel RR.Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2020 Jul 18 Abstract Purpose: Misalignment between positron emission tomography (PET) datasets and attenuation correction (AC) maps is a potential source of artifacts in myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We assessed the impact of adenosine on the alignment of AC maps derived from magnetic resonance (MR) and PET datasets during MPI on a hybrid PET/MR scanner.
Methods:
Twenty-eight volunteers underwent adenosine stress and rest 13N-ammonia MPI on a PET/MR. We acquired Dixon sequences for the creation of MRAC maps. After reconstruction of the original non-shifted PET images, we examined MRAC and PET datasets for cardiac spatial misalignment and, if necessary, reconstructed a second set of shifted PET images after manually adjusting co-registration. Summed rest, stress, and difference scores (SRS, SSS, and SDS) were compared between shifted and non-shifted PET images. Additionally, we measured the amount of cranial movement of the heart (i.e., myocardial creep) after termination of adenosine infusion.
Results:
Realignment was necessary for 25 (89.3%) stress and 12 (42.9%) rest PET datasets. Median SRS, SSS, and SDS of the non-shifted images were 6 (IQR = 4-7), 12 (IQR = 7-18), and 8 (IQR = 2-11), respectively, and of the shifted images 2 (IQR = 1-6), 4 (IQR = 7-18), and 1 (IQR = 0-2), respectively. All three scores were significantly higher in non-shifted versus shifted images (all p < 0.05). The difference in SDS correlated moderately but significantly with the amount of myocardial creep (r = 0.541, p = 0.005).
Conclusion:
Misalignment of MRAC and PET datasets commonly occurs during adenosine stress MPI on a hybrid PET/MR device, potentially leading to an increase in false-positive findings. Our results suggest that myocardial creep may substantially account for this and prompt for a careful review and correction of PET/MRAC data. Keywords: Artifact; Attenuation correction; Myocardial perfusion imaging; PET/MR.